Palais des Papes is a historic palace in Avignon in southern France, one of the largest and most important medieval Gothic buildings in Europe. Since 1995, Palais des Papes is classified as the historical center of Avignon on the World Heritage site by UNESCO, the cultural criteria I, II and IV.
Avignon became the residence of the popes in 1309, when the Gascon Bertrand de Goth, as Pope Clement V, willing to face the violent chaos of Rome after his election (1305), transferred the Papal Curia in Avignon, a period known as the name of the papacy from Avignon. Clemente lived as a guest in the Dominican convent of Avignon, and his successor, Pope John XXII create a magnificent there, but the reconstruction of the ancient palace of the bishops was formally opened by Pope Benedict XII (1334-42) and continued by their successors in 1364.
The site, in a natural rocky outcrop in the far north of Avignon, overlooking the Rhone, was that of the former Episcopal Diocese of Avignon. The Palace was built in two main phases with two distinct segments, known as the Ancient Palace (Old Palace) and Palais Neuf (New Palace). Once completed, it occupied an area of 11,000 square meters (2.6 acres). The building was very expensive, consumes a significant amount of revenue for the papacy during its construction.
Palais des Papes, Avignon GPS coordinates: 43° 57′ 2.88″ N, 4° 48′ 27″ E
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